Can Conventional Risk Factors Explain Excess Coronary Artery Disease Risk in South Asians: Dyslipidemias and Dysfunctional High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2009
First Page: 55
Last Page: 62
Publisher Id: TOEPIJ-2-55
Article History:Received Date: 22/07/2008
Revision Received Date: 03/09/2008
Acceptance Date: 15/01/2009
Electronic publication date: 8/7/2009
Collection year: 2008
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Over the past several years, the overall prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular diseases in general and coronary artery diseases (CAD) in particular have declined in the United States (US). However, among South Asian in general and South Asian immigrants in particular, a disturbing trend toward high rates of CAD has been noted. This trend is associated with a high prevalence of conventional risk factors and metabolic syndrome in this population, yet these conventional risk factors may not account for the greater CAD risk among SAIs. A search for additional markers is warranted, to enable early detection and prevention of CAD in this high risk group. High density lipoprotein (HDL) is one of the predictor of CAD and is considered to be cardio-protective. However, some of the recent studies have shown that HDL is not only ineffective as an antioxidant but, paradoxically, appears to be pro-oxidant, and has been found to be associated with CAD. Such HDL is called dysfunctional HDL. More research is required in South Asians to explore associations with CAD and to enhance early detection and prevention of CAD in this high risk group. We present here an overview on risk factors of CAD in general and dyslipidemias in particular in South Asians. In addition, concepts on dysfunctional HDL and its impact on CAD are also presented. At the end, recommendations are made to improve and prevent CAD morbidity and mortality in the South Asian communities.