Drowning Rates in the Newly Independent States & Russian Federation: A Call for Research and Action
Huseyin Naci*, Timothy D. Baker
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2008
First Page: 36
Last Page: 39
Publisher Id: TOEPIJ-1-36
Article History:Received Date: 15/10/2007
Revision Received Date: 23/06/2008
Acceptance Date: 24/06/2008
Electronic publication date: 23/7/2008
Collection year: 2008
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths worldwide after road traffic injury deaths, claiming approximately 450,000 lives every year. Overall male drowning rates in the Newly Independent States and Russian Federation are dramatically higher than the rates in Western European countries; the highest male drowning rate in WHO Euro region, drowning rate in Belarus, is 50 times higher than the lowest, the drowning rate in the United Kingdom. 1-4 age group male drowning rate in Turkmenistan is alarmingly high. More research is needed to determine the risk factors of child and adult drowning in each of the Newly Independent States and Russian Federation.